Lesser Known Facts India

How many biosphere reserves are there in India?

How many biosphere reserves are there in India? Biosphere reserves are protected areas, that are made for the conservation of fauna and flora. The main aim of this area is to protect nature and wildlife- which will help to save and conserve nature for the future.

How many biosphere reserves are there in India?

This protected zone is the home of many rare and local plant and animal species. It not only helps to conserve wildlife but has significant support in the economic growth of that area also.

So, this area is considered the solution to the global challenges.

Total biosphere reserves in India :

In total 714 Biosphere reserves across 129 countries in the world. There is a total of 18 biosphere reserves in India. The latest Biosphere Reserve is in Panna which is declared in 2011.

Nilgiri is the first Biosphere Reserve in India. Which is situated in Part of Wayanad, Nagarhole, Bandipur and Madumalai, Nilambur, Silent Valley, and Siruvani hills (Tamil Nadu, Kerala, and Karnataka).

Which biosphere reserve is the largest?

The Gulf of Kachchh, Gujarat is the largest biosphere reserve in India.

Which biosphere reserve is the smallest?

Dibru-Saikhowa is the smallest biosphere reserve of India, it is situated in Assam.

List of biosphere reserves in India

How many biosphere reserves are there in India?
How many biosphere reserves are there in India?


S. No. Name  Date of
 Area (in km2) Location (State)
1 Nilgiri 01.09.1986 5520
(Core 1240 & Buffer 4280)
Part of Wayanad, Nagarhole, Bandipur and
Madumalai, Nilambur, Silent Valley and
Siruvani hills (Tamil Nadu, Kerala and Karnataka).
2 Nanda Devi 18.01.1988 5860.69
(Core 712.12, Buffer 5,148.570) & T. 546.34)
Part of Chamoli, Pithoragarh, and
Bageshwar districts (Uttarakhand).
3 Nokrek 01.09.1988 820
(Core 47.48 & Buffer 227.92, Transition Zone 544.60)
Part of Garo hills (Meghalaya).
4 Great Nicobar 06.01.1989 885 (Core 705 & Buffer 180) Southern most islands of Andaman
and Nicobar (A&N Islands).
5 Gulf of Mannar 18.02.1989 10,500 km2
Total Gulf area
(area of Islands 5.55 km2)
Indian part of Gulf of Mannar between India
and Sri Lanka (Tamil Nadu).
6 Manas 14.03.1989 2837
(Core 391 & Buffer 2,446)
Part of Kokrajhar, Bongaigaon, Barpeta,
Nalbari, Kamprup and Darang districts (Assam)
7 Sunderbans 29.03.1989 9630
(Core 1700 & Buffer  7900)
Part of delta of Ganges and Brahamaputra river system
(West Bengal).
8 Simlipal 21.06.1994 4374
(Core 845, Buffer 2129 & Transition 1400
Part of Mayurbhanj district (Orissa).
9 Dibru-Saikhowa 28.07.1997 765
(Core 340 & Buffer 425)
Part of Dibrugarh and Tinsukia Districts (Assam)
10 Dehang-Dibang 02.09.1998 5111.50
(Core 4094.80 &Buffer 1016.70)
Part of Siang and Dibang Valley in Arunachal Pradesh.
11 Pachmarhi 03.03.1999 4926 Parts of Betul, Hoshangabad and
Chindwara districts of Madhya Pradesh.
12 Khangchendzonga 07.02.2000 2619.92
(Core 1819.34 & Buffer 835.92)
Parts of Khangchendzonga hills and Sikkim.
13 Agasthyamalai 12.11.2001 1828 Neyyar, Peppara and Shendurney  Wildlife
Sanctuaries and their adjoining areas in Kerala.
14 Achanakamar –    Amarkantak 30.3.2005 3835.51
(Core 551.55 & Buffer  3283.86)
Covers parts of Anupur and Dindori districts of
M.P. and parts of Bilaspur districts of Chhattishgarh State.
15 Kachchh 29.01.2008 12,454 km2 Part of Kachchh, Rajkot, Surendra Nagar and
Patan Civil Districts of Gujarat State
16 Cold Desert 28.08.2009 7770 Pin Valley National Park and surroundings; Chandratal
and Sarchu&Kibber Wildlife Sancturary in Himachal Pradesh
17 Seshachalam Hills 20.09.2010 4755.997 Seshachalam Hill Ranges covering parts of Chittoor
and Kadapa districts of Andhra Pradesh
18 Panna 25.08.2011 2998.98 Part of Panna and Chhattarpur districts in Madhya Pradesh




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